緬甸各停戰團體的和平期已成為歷史 Burmese Ceasefire Breaks Down By SAW YAN NAING Friday, August 28, 2009 The ceasefire in northeastern Shan State between the Burmese military junta and several ethnic armies, including the Kokang and the Wa, was broken on Thursday when a combined force of ethnic insurgents exchanged gunfire during at least three skirmishes in and around Laogai, the Kokang capital, which is located on the 商務中心 Salween River bordering China. Among the armed ethnic groups that have broken the ceasefire are the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army (MNDAA), which is the major Kokang militia in Burma, and an ethnic alliance including the United Wa State Army (UWSA) and the National Democratic Alliance Army (NDAA), which is commonly known as the Mong La group. Two Kokang soldie 小型辦公室rs guard a checkpoint near the Chinese border. (Photo: Tom Kramer/TNI) On Thursday, units from the ethnic alliance attacked the Burmese troops that had occupied Laogai since Monday night, when they were able to seize the town from the MNDAA without firing a single bullet. During an exchange of mortar fire on Thursday between Burmese troops and the ethnic insurgents, one civil 辦公室出租ian was reportedly killed and three were injured. There were no reports of military casualties. During an ambush on Thursday morning in Yanlongai, a town near Laogai, a Burmese police officer was reportedly killed and one was injured, according to sources in the area. Another 42 Burmese policemen were taken prisoner by the ethnic alliance, said the sources. Soldiers from the Kokang MNDAA repo 買屋rtedly seized 56 automatic rifles, mostly M-16s, from the Burmese police, according to Aung Kyaw Zaw, an analyst on the Sino-Burmese border. “The fighting will escalate,” he said. Sources said that further skirmishes broke out on Friday morning in Laogai. No further details were available.There were no reports from Burmese government sources or the national media regarding the fighting. The Chinese armed forces 房地產have reportedly reinforced their 700-man strong presence at the border as they monitor the conflict. Refugees from the Kokang region in Burma's Shan State sit at a temporary housing area at Nansan town in Zhenkang County in Yunnan province, China. (Photo: Reuters) According to a report by Health Unlimited, a humanitarian NGO working in the region, thousands of civilians fled from Burma to the Chinese side of the border on 永慶房屋Thursday. The number could not be independently confirmed. In recent weeks, as tensions heightened between the Burmese junta and the ethnic ceasefire groups, about 10,000 civilians fled over the Chinese border. Health Unlimited said that the mostly Kokang villagers are currently taking refuge in the Chinese border towns of Nansan in Zheng Kang County, and Qingshuihe in Gengma County, where Chinese authorities have supplied them with 東森房屋 shelter, blankets and food rations. A Chinese official in Kunming who asked to remain anonymous said that officials in Beijing were keeping an eye on the situation via their offices in Yunnan Province. “We want stability along our border,” he told The Irrawaddy on Friday. Since the fighting broke out, there has been no let up, he added. He added that Chinese officials are not pleased with the Burmese army’s “hostile attitude” toward the mino 台灣房屋rity peoples who are ethnically close to the Han Chinese. In the past, the ethnic groups at the Sino-Burmese border enjoyed military and political support from China. Burma researcher for Human Rights Watch David Scott Mathieson said that the regime’s heavy-handed policy could only exacerbate the tension. “Instead of negotiating with these ceasefire groups, they [the Burmese army] are just trying to force them to do what the regime wants. And my concern is that this will 看房子have a very bad impact on civilians in the area. If there is more fighting, then civilians will suffer as a result,” he said. The MNDAA, the NDAA and the UWSA are among 17 armed ethnic groups that have reportedly signed ceasefire agreements with the Burmese junta over the past 20 years. In recent months, the junta has tried to persuade the ethnic ceasefire groups to join forces with the Burmese army and transform their battalions into border guard units.http://www.irrawaddy.org/highlight.php?art_id 新成屋=16658 .